Agency Laws in Georgia - Who's Watching Out for Your Interests?
Before you list your home for sale, or choose an agent to help you find a home to purchase, it’s important to understand what legal responsibilities your real estate salesperson has to you and to other parties in the transaction. Before entering into a relationship with a real estate company, ask what type of agency relationship your agent has with you.
A seller’s agent is hired by and represents the seller. All fiduciary duties are owed to the seller. In Georgia, the agency relationship is created by a listing contract that spells out the duties owed by each party to the other.
Buyer’s representative (also known as a buyer’s agent or selling agent)
The law in Georgia requires that a buyer, who desires to have the representation of a licensed real estate agent, enter into a legal agreement whereby the terms of the relationship are spelled out for each party. You’d be amazed how often agents put buyers in their car and never get this required paperwork signed! A buyer’s agent is hired by prospective buyers to represent them in a real estate transaction. The buyer’s rep works in the buyer’s best interest throughout the transaction and owes fiduciary duties to the buyer. The buyer can pay the licensee directly through a negotiated fee, or the buyer’s rep may be paid by the seller or through a commission split with the listing agent who represents the seller.
A subagent owes the same fiduciary duties to the agent’s customer as the agent does. Subagency usually arises when a cooperating sales associate from another brokerage, who is not the buyer’s agent, shows property to a buyer. In such a case, the subagent works with the buyer as a customer but owes fiduciary duties to the listing broker and the seller. Although a subagent cannot assist the buyer in any way that would be detrimental to the seller, a buyer-customer can expect to be treated honestly by the subagent. It is important that subagents fully explain their duties to buyers.
Disclosed dual agent
Dual agency is a relationship in which the brokerage firm represents both the buyer and the seller in the same real estate transaction. Dual agency relationships do not carry with them all of the traditional fiduciary duties to clients. Instead, dual agents owe limited fiduciary duties. Because of the potential for conflicts of interest in a dual-agency relationship, it’s vital that all parties give their informed consent. In many states, this consent must be in writing. Disclosed dual agency, in which both the buyer and the seller are told that the agent is representing both of them, is legal in most states. Conrad Lyles Realtors does not practice dual agency under any circumstances.
Designated agent (also called appointed agent)
This is a brokerage practice that allows the managing broker to designate which licensees in the brokerage will act as an agent of the seller and which will act as an agent of the buyer. Designated agency avoids the problem of creating a dual-agency relationship for licensees at the brokerage. The designated agents give their clients full representation, with all of the attendant fiduciary duties. The broker still has the responsibility of supervising both groups of licensees. Conrad Lyles Realtors does not practice designated agency.
Nonagency relationship (called, among other things, a transaction broker or facilitator)
Some states permit a real estate licensee to have a type of nonagency relationship with a consumer. These relationships vary considerably from state to state, both as to the duties owed to the consumer and the name used to describe them. Very generally, the duties owed to the consumer in a nonagency relationship are less than the complete, traditional fiduciary duties of an agency relationship.
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