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October 12, 2018

Tip 96: Who Goes First?

“You go.” “No, you go.”

Of all the various aspects of a negotiation, few are more analyzed than the issue of who goes first. 

Should we put our number or proposal on the table first or should we intentionally remain silent and let them propose the first figure?  

The schools of thought, by the experts, find various opinions.

1. Let them go first.  

I mentioned this concept in a recent tip and it makes sense.  If you let (force) your opponent to come up with the initial number, it could be a pleasant surprise.  It could be better than you expected and at a price you're prone to jump on immediately. 

Additionally, if they go first you can often read into their proposal if they're posturing.  If they're "out of line" unreasonable, it's typically a sign they don't want any deal or that they're insecure and are compensating by being super aggressive.  Both demand a strong and equally aggressive counter.

I personally gravitate to this technique because I feel more confident playing defense than offence. This is especially true when I'm lacking price and value information.  I just naturally assume the other party's proposal has room for negotiation so I'd rather have them state a number from which I'll seek concessions.

2.  I go first.

A number of studies by university business schools lean toward us putting forth the first number of  a proposal.  Those studies seem to verify that those that do put forth the first number get closer to their proposal than do their opponents.

One shouldn't overlook the method, word choice and body language that accompanies that "I'll go first" proposal.  A firm, assertive, seemingly confident posture sends significant signals that you have confidence in your number.  Likewise, a first proposal can be communicated along the lines of a "trial balloon" and have flexibility in reaching a win-win result.

In many of our negotiating encounters the first offer/number is waiting for us, such as the price tag in a retail store.  But in many others, our greatest negotiating success can come from thinking through a strategy of "who goes first". 

Good negotiators never begin bargaining without having a preference, a strategy as to who they want to put forth the first number.  

Unsure as to which would work better for you?  Try them both.  You'll find your comfort zone.

As always, experience is the best teacher as we KEEP Negotiating.

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